NCERT Solution: Atoms and Molecules

NCERT In Text

In a reaction, 5.3 g of sodium carbonate reacted with 6 g of ethanoic acid.

In a reaction, 5.3 g of sodium carbonate reacted with 6 g of ethanoic acid. The products were 2.2 g of carbon dioxide, 0.9 g water and 8.2 g of sodium ethanoate. Show that these observations are in agreement with the law of conservation of mass.

Sodium carbonate + ethanoic acid → sodium ethanoate + carbon dioxide + water

Answer

In the given reaction, sodium carbonate reacts with ethanoic acid to produce sodium ethanoate, carbon dioxide, and water.
Sodium Carbonate + Ethanoic acid → sodium ethanoate + carbon dioxide + water

Mass of sodium carbonate = 5.3 g (Given)
Mass of ethanoic acid = 6 g (Given)
Mass of sodium ethanoate = 8.2 g (Given)
Mass of carbon dioxide = 2.2 g (Given)
Mass of water = 0.9 g (Given)

Now, total mass before the reaction = (5.3 + 6) g
= 11.3 g

And, total mass after the reaction = (8.2 + 2.2 + 0.9) g
= 11.3 g

∴ Total mass before the reaction = Total mass after the reaction
 

Hence, the given observations are in agreement with the law of conservation of mass.

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