A plastic box 1.5 m long, 1.25 m wide and 65 cm deep is to be made. It is opened at the top. Ignoring the thickness of the plastic sheet, determine:
(i) The area of the sheet required for making the box.
(ii) The cost of sheet for it, if a sheet measuring 1m2 costs Rs 20.
1. Length of plastic box = 1.5 m
Width of plastic box = 1.25 m
Depth of plastic box = 1.25 m
(i) The area of sheet required to make the box is equal to the surface area of the box excluding the top.
Surface area of the box = Lateral surface area + Area of the base
= 2(l+b)×h + (l×b)
= 2[(1.5 + 1.25)×1.25] + (1.5 × 1.25) m2
= (3.575 + 1.875) m2
= 5.45 m2
The sheet required required to make the box is 5.45 m2
(ii) Cost of 1 m2 of sheet = Rs 20
∴ Cost of 5.45 m2 of sheet = Rs (20 × 5.45) = Rs 109
2. The length, breadth and height of a room are 5m, 4m and 3m respectively. Find the cost of white washing the walls of the room and the ceiling at the rate of rs 7.50 per m2.
The length, breadth and height of a room are 5m, 4m and 3m respectively. Find the cost of white washing the walls of the room and the ceiling at the rate of rs 7.50 per m2.
length of the room = 5m
breadth of the room = 4m
height of the room = 3m
Area of four walls including the ceiling = 2(l+b)×h + (l×b)
= 2(5+4)×3 + (5×4) m2
= (54 + 20) m2
= 74 m2 Cost of white washing = ���7.50 per m2
Total cost = rs (74×7.50) = rs 555
The floor of a rectangular hall has a perimeter 250 m. If the cost of painting the four walls at the rate of rs 10 per m2 is rs15000, find the height of the hall.
[Hint : Area of the four walls = Lateral surface area.]
Perimeter of rectangular hall = 2(l + b) = 250 m
Total cost of painting = ���15000
Rate per m2 = rs10
Area of four walls = 2(l + b) h m2 = (250×h) m2
(250×h)×10 = rs15000
⇒ 2500×h = rs15000
⇒ h = 15000/2500 m
⇒ h = 6 m
Thus the height of the hall is 6 m.
The paint in a certain container is sufficient to paint an area equal to 9.375 m2. How many bricks of dimensions 22.5 cm×10 cm×7.5 cm can be painted out of this container?
Volume of paint = 9.375 m2 = 93750 cm2
Dimension of brick = 22.5 cm×10 cm×7.5 cm
Total surface area of a brick = 2(lb + bh + lh) cm2
= 2(22.5×10 + 10×7.5 + 22.5×7.5) cm2
= 2(225 + 75 + 168.75) cm2
= 2×468.75 cm2 = 937.5 cm2
Number of bricks can be painted = 93750/937.5 = 100
A cubical box has each edge 10 cm and another cuboidal box is 12.5 cm long, 10 cm wide and 8 cm high.
(i) Which box has the greater lateral surface area and by how much?
(ii) Which box has the smaller total surface area and by how much?
(i) Lateral surface area of cubical box of edge 10cm = 4×102 cm2 = 400 cm2
Lateral surface area of cuboid box = 2(l+b)×h
= 2×(12.5+10)×8 cm2
= 2×22.5×8 cm2 = 360 cm2
Thus, lateral surface area of the cubical box is greater by (400 – 360) cm2 = 40 cm2
(ii) Total surface area of cubical box of edge 10 cm =6×102cm2=600cm2
Total surface area of cuboidal box = 2(lb + bh + lh)
= 2(12.5×10 + 10×8 + 8×12.5)cm2
= 2(125+80+100) cm2
= (2×305) cm2 = 610 cm2
Thus, total surface area of cubical box is smaller by 10 cm2