Canal rays are positively charged radiations that can pass through perforated cathode plate. These rays consist of positively charged particles known as protons.
An electron is a negatively charged particle, whereas a proton is a positively charged particle. The magnitude of their charges is equal. Therefore, an atom containing one electron and one proton will not carry any charge. Thus, it will be a neutral atom.
On the basis of Thomson's model of an atom, explain how the atom is neutral as a whole.
As per Thomson’s model of the atom, an atom consists both negative and positive charges which are equal in number and magnitude. So, they balance each other as a result of which atom as a whole is electrically neutral.
On the basis of Rutherford's model of an atom, which subatomic particle is present in the nucleus of an atom?
On the basis of Rutherford's model of an atom, protons are present in the nucleus of an atom.
Bohr's model of an atom with three shells